Language teaching methods teachers handbook for the video series by diane larsenfreeman office of english language programs materials branch united states department of. New english language teaching methods the principled. This ittt video focuses on the theories, methods and techniques of teaching. As english teachers, were almost always on the lookout for new and interesting ways to stimulate our language learners. Scaffolding teaching technique telephone instruction. Chapter 1 english language teaching in the postmethod era. A principlesbased approach for english language teaching. Word puzzles such as crosswords are easily modified to suit all age and skill levels and introduce an element of fun competition into the learning process, so they can be invaluable in forging a full and lasting understanding of english grammar. We are accepting applications for the eltons 2016 until 6 november 2015 this is an article about new trends in english language teaching elt resources, but none of the trends that follow are, strictly speaking, new. Pdf teaching english language methods and approaches.
Language teaching methods a guide to learning english. This was a joint project by diane larsenfreeman and the u. Thus, any attempt to understand effective language teaching must consider the issue of effective language learning. Pba builds on the current work on language policy and practice, but instead of providing a set of standards, it identifies a set of principles that can help policymakers in diverse contexts develop locally appropriate language policies and practices. A historical overview key issues historical overview of methods and approaches to teaching english as a foreignsecond language the grammartranslation method the direct method the audiolingual method suggestopedia the silent way total physical response the natural approach the communicative approach. Dodson set out to make improvements to the audiovisual method which has much in common with the direct method outlined above. In this method the teaching is done entirely in the target language. English designed with direct method is a set of modern coursebooks for learning english by means of the direct method created by teachers with several years of experience. English is taught as a main subject in kindergarten and elementary schools.
Clt communicative language teaching dm direct method efl english as a foreign language elt english language teaching gtm grammartranslation method io indirect object lad language acquisition device lap lektor og adjunktprogrammet ldoce longman dictionary of contemporary english l1 first languagemother tongue l2 second language practically. Thanks to the direct method, students can acquire a wide range of vocabulary in an attractive and pleasant way and learn what is indispensable and crucial in language. The communicative language teaching clt method was found to be the most preferred method of teaching english language among the teachers, whereas. Teaching english language methods and approaches contents 1 language. It is also called the classical method of teaching english. For a more detailed analysis of the different methods, see approaches and methods in language teaching richards, j. English language teaching elt policies and practices. It looks at the question of nature versus nurture in relation to the different methodologies.
The six studio instructors, each a specialist in the method approach being demonstrated, are staff members from prof. Note 3 almost all the teachers ask questions in class every day, but most of them are raised casually. An approach is a set of correlative assumptions dealing with the nature of language teaching and learning. Communicative language teaching can be understood as a set of principles about the goals of language teaching, how learners learn a language, the kinds of classroom activities that best facilitate learning, and the. Medved krajnovic encyclopedia of life support systems eolss the second part of the article is devoted to second language acquisition sla. Owing to the influence of postmodernism, the postmethod pedagogy emerged to respond the demand for a most optimal way of teaching english free from the methodbased restrictions. Methods of teaching english grammar translation method direct method bilingual method eclectic method 3. The grammar translation method, the direct method, audiolingual method, bilingual method, dr. Meenadevi strategies in teaching english grammar 92 this strategy is useful when both grammar and topics are equally important to master. As a language learner, training manager, or teacher, it is important to understand the various methods and techniques so that you are able to navigate the market, make educated choices, and boost your enjoyment of learning a language.
Demonstration the students listen and respond to commands modeled by the instructor. Wests new method of teaching english does not help indian students to achieve the fourfold objectives of language learning as already specified. The bilingual method of foreign language teaching was developed by c. To help raise teacher awareness of language learning through the programme of inquiry. Language teaching strategies and techniques used to. Method is an overall plan for the orderly presentation of language material. The focus of this lesson plan is to facilitate comprehension and learning for mainstream students as well as students with varying english language proficiency and backgrounds. The new best method to learn a foreign language smart. New trends in english language teaching like interactive ap proach of teaching english is develop as a result of sustain research by the central board of secondary education cbse new delhi. Creative methods of teaching english teaching english. Renandya, southeast asian ministers of education organization. Huh no, im not asking you to forget all that i just said.
Following the definition and the goals of this new discipline within applied linguistics. What is grammar translation method in language teaching. Larsenfreemans ma program for teacher education at sit. Krashen who gave us his affective filter hypothesis of second or foreign language acquisition. Stage i comprehension in order to maximize opportunities for comprehension experiences. Toward better diagnosis, treatment, and assessment by h. Among other limitations of the new method the want of the graduated introduction of sentence patterns, the total language, the isolated study of words, the total neglect of grammar and composition.
Based on 25 years of extensive scientific research on how the brain learns, and perfected over 25 years of teaching academics, business people, politicians and hollywood stars, the highly acclaimed michel thomas method online audio courses provide an accelerated method for learning that will have you speaking in whole sentences right from the start. The method taken from teaching english through action a. Unesco eolss sample chapters linguistics language teaching methodology and second language acquisition j. The communicative approach, which was in vogue in the late 90s, is still widely considered as the latest advancement in modern language teaching. Modern approaches and methods in teaching english language. The grammar translation method in language teaching is better known as the grammartranslation method. Pdf modern approaches and methods in teaching english. It is even the recommended system in cambridges certificate in english language teaching to adults celta. Within a broader perspective, those linguistic studies which affect other domains, such as first and second language acquisition, fl teaching, language for specific purposes, sociolinguistics and pragmatics, discourse analysis, psycholinguistics. Positive reinforcement helps students to develop correct habits. Dodson 1967 as a counterpart of the audiovisual method. To create a resource bank of language teaching strategies, ideas and techniques for teachers to use when implementing units of inquiry.
Grammar translation method old method useful to teach classical language word to word translation word is unit of teaching no use of av aids no practice of speaking no direct bond between thought and expression. It is a method with which many of you may already be familiar. This blog post is available as a convenient and portable pdf that you. And while the ppp method has its critics, its elegance as a foundation cannot be denied. Applying innovative teaching methods in a second language. My colleague, michael jerald, will now demonstrate. Richards, southeast asian ministers of education organization seameo regional language centre relc, singapore, willy a. Like the direct method, the audiolingual method advised that students should be taught a language directly, without using the students native language to explain new words or grammar in the target language. The new principled eclecticism method fitting the method to the learner, not vice versa today the professional language teacher has a good grounding in the various techniques and new approaches, and they know and understand the history and evolution of teaching methodologies. However, unlike the direct method, the audiolingual. These changes and the introduction of new techniques have relegated the grammar translation method to the background. A brief history of english language teaching methods and approaches. Rachael roberts looks at the latest trends ahead of the eltons awards for innovation in english language teaching resources, livestreamed on 4 june 2015.
Michael wests the new method, and suggestopedia etc. Five creative methods of teaching english to tefl learners by larry m lynch. While traditional methodologies such as the audiolingual and direct methods still offer useful elements, theyre clearly outdated in the modern classroom. Methods, approaches and techniques of teaching english. Much like the taskbased approach, the projectbased approach is meant to address students real needs by adapting language to the skills and competencies they truly need personally andor professionally. The best method to learn english language teaching. The recent expansion of technology also led to umpteen innovative methods of teaching such as teaching assisted language learning tall. Most people have used some variation of the ppp method to learn at some point in their lives. Another gamebased method of teaching grammar that you could use in teaching your students is bingo. The communicative language teaching clt method was found to be the most preferred method of teaching english language among the teachers, whereas the situational language teaching slt was the. Pdf the best method to teach english language researchgate.
The learner is not allowed to use his or her mother tongue. Methods, approach, new devices, ict, pedagogy, learning process. The skills of teachers questioning in english classes. An english learning classroom should be created using interesting teaching methodologies to mesmerize and encourage students to learn the.
Pdf trends in english language teaching today yogesh. General english teaching english direct language lab. Over the last few decades, teaching english become a phenomenon in saudi arabia, especially to young learners. Each teaching method is based on a particular vision of understanding the language or the learning process, often using specific techniques and materials used in a set sequence. Like any other children, saudis accept new foreign languages easily, but they get bored very fast if the teacher is teaching them using the old. Michel thomas the natural way to learn a new language. Students should overlearn the sentence patterns of the target language. In the teaching of english as foreign language, it has enjoyed a great reputation in the past at present also, many teachers prefer to teach english by this method. A study of the teaching and learning of english grammar.987 252 750 1096 534 624 851 1424 73 929 490 176 590 417 557 1473 94 1217 1087 1133 1071 865 124 652 1454 552 768 944 1476 178 148 173